Why should you use this?
General purpose, row level locking, ACID support, transactions, crash recovery and multi-version concurrency control etc.
- Buffer pool: LRU cache of frequently used data(table and index) to be processed directly from memory, which speeds up processing. Important for tuning performance.
- Change buffer: Caches changes to secondary index pages when those pages are not in the buffer pool and merges it when they are fetched. Merging may take a long time and impact live queries. It also takes up part of the buffer pool. Avoids the extra I/O to read secondary indexes in.
- Adaptive hash index: Supplements InnoDB’s B-Tree indexes with fast hash lookup tables like a cache. Slight performance penalty for misses, also adds maintenance overhead of updating it. Hash collisions cause AHI rebuilding for large DBs.
Log buffer: Holds log data before flush to disk.
Size of each above memory is configurable, and impacts performance a lot. Requires careful analysis of workload, available resources, benchmarking and tuning for optimal performance.
- Tables: Stores data within rows and columns.
- Indexes: Helps find rows with specific column values quickly, avoids full table scans.
- Redo Logs: all transactions are written to them, and after a crash, the recovery process corrects data written by incomplete transactions and replays any pending ones.
- Undo Logs: Records associated with a single transaction that contains information about how to undo the latest change by a transaction.